CHARLES WILLSON PEALE

father of SOPHONISBA PEALE SELLERS



TESS'S PAGE

 Ancestral Records and Portraits vol 2
PEALE

        The Rector of Edith Weston, in Rutlandshire, Eng., the Rev.
Charles Peale, was
        heir entail to the Manor Wootton, in Oxfordshire, the estate of
Charles Willson,
        M. D.

        His son, Charles Peale, born 1709, and died 1750, was educated
for the
        Church of England, but preferred coming to America, where he
settled in
        Chestertown, Md., 1742. He was master of the county school and
received
        boarding and day scholars in classical studies and surveying,
and occasionally
        officiated in the pulpit. A letter-book of Charles Peale is
still in existence, dated
        1745 to 1747, written in a manly, well-formed hand and always
signed with his
        monogram. He married, 1740, Margaret Trigg, who died 1791.
Issue:

        CHARLES WILLSON.

CHARLES WILLSON PEALE, born 1741, and died 1827, was known as the
        "Revolutionary artist," but was twenty-four years of age before
he began his
        career, as the poverty of his widowed mother compelled her to
apprentice him
        to a saddler in his early youth. Peale's first lessons in
painting were from Mr.
        Hesselius, the British artist (who had married Mrs. Henry
Woodward, n‚e Mary
        Young, a lady of fortune, residing in Annapolis), who employed
Peale to paint
        his wife's portrait that he might acquire some knowledge of the
proper process
        of mixing colors. Hearing of the celebrity of Copley, Peale went
by sea to
        Boston to study with him. On his return, his friends were so
well assured of his
        genius that they furnished him with the means of going to
London, where he
        studied under Sir Joshua Reynolds and West. The friends were to
be repaid by
        paintings, on his return, which accounts for the great number of
portraits that are
        still in existence. While abroad, he met Angelica Kauffman, whom
he greatly
        admired, naming his daughter for her.

        He commanded a company of volunteers at the battles of Trenton,
Princeton,
        Germantown, and Monmouth, also sharing in the hardships of
Valley Forge. In
        1777, he was elected a Representative from Philadelphia to the
State
        Legislature; became one of the original members of the
Philosophical Society of
        Philadelphia, and was a naturalist, establishing the first
museum and academy of
        fine arts in America. After the war he inherited "Wootton
Manor," in England,

But declined the estate and title, preferring to remain in America,
having fought
        for her independence. The last years of his life he had a
country home near
        Germantown, Pa., with a hanging garden, grotto, fountain, and a
hospitable table
        for all his friends. His last painting was a full-length
portrait of himself at the age
        of eighty-three.

        He married, first, 1767, Rachel, daughter of John IV. and
Eleanor (Maccubin)
        Brewer, of Brewerton, Annapolis, Md., born 1744, and died 1790;
issue, ten
        children; second, 1791, Elizabeth de Peyster; issue, six
children; third, a
        Quakeress, Hannah More.

        His daughter by the first marriage, Angelica Kauffman Peale,
married Alexander
        Robinson. Their daughter Priscilla married Dr. Henry Boteler,
whose daughter,
        Priscilla Charlotte, married Charles Crosdale Gibson.




American Biographical Library
 The Biographical Cyclopædia of American Women
 Volume II
 Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army During the War of the Revolution
 Alphabetical List of Officers of the Continental Army
 P
 Fifteenth Virginia
 page 432
 Peale, Charles Willson (Pa). Lieutenant and Captain Pennsylvania Militia, 1775–1777. (Died 23d
 February, 1827.)

Charles Willson Peale. By
                                                      Chas. Coleman Sellers.
                                                      Philadelphia, 1947. (2v.)
                                                      (Genealogy of the "first three
                                                      generations of the American
                                                      Peale family",
                                                      v.2,p.412-23):1+; 2:+

The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans: Volume IIV
 P
 Peale, James

 PEALE, Charles Willson, artist, was born in Chestertown, Md., April 16, 1741; son of Charles
 Peale. He attended school in Annapolis, Md., 1750-54; was apprenticed to a saddler, and
 established himself in that business. His first attempt at painting was a likeness of himself, and his
 success led him to study under Hesselius, a German painter. He afterward studied under John
 Singleton Copley in Boston, 1768-69, and in 1770-74 in London under Benjamin West, who
 painted his portrait. On his return he painted portraits in Annapolis, 1774-75, and in Philadelphia,
 1775-1827. Upon the outbreak of the Revolution he was appointed a lieutenant in a company of
 militia, and was later commissioned a captain. He led his company at the battles of Trenton and
 Princeton, and was one of the men selected to remove the public stores from Philadelphia when
 that city was in danger of capture by the British. He was a representative in the state legislature in
 1779, and advocated a plan for the gradual abolition of slavery. In 1802 he opened Peale's
 museum, where he exhibited natural curiosities which ha had collected in his travels, and portraits
 which he owned or borrowed. He also gave lectures at the museum on natural history, and
 practised dentistry. He was one of the founders of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, to
 which he contributed largely. His versatility is shown in the titles of his books, which include:
 Building Wooden Bridges; Discourse Introductory to a Course of Lectures on Natural
 History; Epistles on the Means of Preserving Health, and Domestic Happiness. His fame as a
 portrait painter was national, Washington giving him sittings for fourteen portraits, one of which
 was painted for the College of New Jersey in 1780. Among his other portraits are those of
 Hancock, Morris, Steuben, Franklin, Greene, Gates, Jefferson, Hamilton, Monroe, Jackson,
 Calhoun and Clay. He also painted "Christ Healing the Sick," in 1829, and a full length portrait of
 himself in 1824, when eighty-three years of age. He left a collection of 269 portraits and historical
 scenes. His sons, Rembrandt (q.v.) and Raphaelle (1774-1825), were painters of portraits and of
 still life, and another son, Titian Ramsey (1800-1885) painted animal life, was a learned
 ornithologist and accompanied Wilkes on his explorations, 1839-42. Charles W. Peale died in
 Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 22, 1827.



The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans: Volume IIV
 P
 Pearce, Charles Edward
 page 242
 PEALE, Rembrandt, artist, was born in Bucks county, Pa., Feb. 22, 1778; son of Charles
 Willson Peale (q.v.). He early developed artistic talent; removed to Charleston, S.C., in 1796, and
 in 1801 studied painting in London under Benjamin West. He returned in 1803 on account of ill
 health, and immediately gained popularity in Philadelphia as a portrait painter. He visited Paris in
 1807 and 1809 to study art in the Louvre, painting several portraits of distinguished Frenchmen for
 his father's museum, and in 1810 again established himself in Philadelphia. He painted in New
 York, Boston and Baltimore, 1810-29; visited France and Italy, 1829-30, England in 1832, and
 in 1833 opened a studio in London and exhibited in the Royal academy. He was president of the
 American Academy of Arts and Sciences; one of the founders of the Pennsylvania Academy of
 Fine Arts in 1805; an original member of the National Academy of Design, New York city, and
 upon his removal to Philadelphia was elected an honorary member in 1827. He was a skilful
 lithographer, being one of the first to draw on stone, and was awarded a silver medal by the
 Franklin Institute for a lithographic portrait of Washington in 1827. His most noted portrait was
 that of Washington, begun in 1795, completed in 1823, exhibited in Rome, Florence and London
 and finally purchased by the U.S. senate. Among his other portraits are: Baron Cuvier, Bernardin
 de Saint Pierre, Jean Antoine Houdon, Thomas [p.242] Jefferson, Mrs. James Madison, Thomas
 Sully, Oliver H. Perry, Ranmohun Roy, G.W. Bethune, William Bainbridge, Joseph Priestly,
 General Armstrong and Stephen Decatur. His figure compositions include: Napoleon on
 Horseback; Babes in the Wood; Errina; Song of the Shirt; Jupiter and Io; Wine and Cake;
 Lyseppa on the Rock; Roman Daughter; An Italian Peasant; Ascent of Elijah, and Court of
 Death. He lectured on "Washington and His Portraits" in several of the larger cities of the Union,
 and edited the Portfolio of an Artist (1839). He is the author of: An Account of the Skeleton of
 the Mammoth (1802); Historical Disquisition on the Mammoth (1803); Notes on Italy (1831);
 Graphics (1841); Reminiscences of Art and Artists (1845), and translations contributed to the
 Crayon and other publications. He died in Philadelphia, Pa., Oct. 3, 1860.

A NATIONAL REGISTER OF THE SOCIETY SONS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
 PRINCIPAL EVENTS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION.

 ALBERT CHARLES PEALE, Washington, D. C. (1984). Son of Charles Willson and Harriet (Friel)
 Peale; grandson of Rubens and Eliza Burd (Patterson) Peale; great-grandson of Charles Willson
 Peale, Captain Philadelphia Militia, Member of Penna. Assembly; great-grandson of George and Jean
 (Burd) Patterson; great2-grandson of James (and Sarah Shippen) Burd, Colonel Fourth Lancaster
 Penna. Battalion; great3-grandson of Edward Shippen, Chairman Lancaster Committee of
 Correspondence.

 A NATIONAL REGISTER OF THE SOCIETY SONS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
 PRINCIPAL EVENTS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION.

 HORACE WELLS SELLERS, Philadelphia, Pa. (2153). Son of Coleman and Cornelia (Wells) Sellers;
 grandson of Coleman and Sophonisba (Peale) Sellers; great-grandson of Nathan Sellers, Ensign
 Penna, Flying Camp; greatxxx-grandson of John Sellers, Member of Penna. Provincial Assembly;
 grandson of Horace and Sarah Hewes (Whipple) Wells; great-grandson of Preserved and Elizabeth
 (Hewes) Whipple; great2-grandson of George Robert Twelves Hewes, Member "Boston Tea Party,"
 privateersman and private Mass. Militia; great-grandson of Charles Willson Peale, Captain Penna.
 Militia.



Mrs. Katharine Hall Borland Fullerton.
 DAR ID Number: 11612
 Born in Kansas.
 Descendant of Lieut. Col. Elihu Hall, of Maryland.
 Daughter of William Patterson Borland and Elizabeth Hasson, his wife.
 Granddaughter of Thomas Borland and Catherine Hall Ogle, his wife.
 Gr.-granddaughter of Charles Ogle and Elizabeth Hall, his wife.
 Gr.-gr.-granddaughter of Elihu Hall and Catherine Orrick, his wife.
 Elihu Hall commanded militia during the Revolution. His home at "Mount Welcome” was a shelter
 for many patriots, and it was there Capt. Charles Willson Peale painted portraits of the family
 which are now valued heirlooms. He was born in Cecil county, 1723, and died there, 1791. His
 son, Elihu, was a member of the Cincinnati. 

Miss Ella Sophronisba Hergesheimer.
 DAR ID Number: 98858
 Born in Allentown, Pa.
 Descendant of Capt. Charles Wilson Peale, as follows:
 1. Charles Patterson Hergesheimer (b. 1843) m. 1866 Amanda Ritter (b. 1841).
 2. George Hocker Hergesheimer (1816-65) m. 1839 Sophronisba Sellers Patterson (1822-83).
 3. William Augustus Patterson (1792-1833) m. 1820 Elizabeth De Peyster Peale (1802-57).
 4. Charles Wilson Peale m. 2nd 1791 Elizabeth De Peyster (d. 1804).
 Charles Wilson Peale (1741-1827) served as captain at Trenton, Princeton, Germantown,
 Whitemarsh, and Valley Forge. He was a member of the Assembly, 1778. He was a celebrated
 artist and his portraits of Washington are very valuable. He was born in Queen Anne County, Md.;
 died in Philadelphia, Pa.


Mrs. Eva Johnson Smoot.
 DAR ID Number: 89902
 Born in Curtis, Nebr.
 Wife of Edger Everette Smoot.
 [p.293] Descendant of Capt. Charles Wilson Peale, as follows:
 1. Arthur Mason Johnson (b. 1864) m. 1887 Mary A. Peale (b. 1868).
 2. Franklin Peale (b. 1838) m. 1858 Mary Comly (b. 1840).
 3. Rubens Peale (1808-91) m. 1837 Julia A. Creamer (1809-98).
 4. Raphael Peale (1774-1825) m. 1799 Martha McGlathery (1776-1852).

Subject:
        Re: Sophonisba Peale Sellers
   Date:
        Tue, 7 Sep 1999 12:40:48 EDT
   From:
        Tess1929@aol.com
     To:
        mari@netins.net
 
 
 

Dear Marie,
    There is so much on Charles Willson Peale that I hardly know where to
start.  I did look him up online (Search engine: GoTo.com found 10 or
more
documents.
The query string sent was +Peale +family +links) just to see what was
there
and came up with the following:
=================

Search Results

Search engine: GoTo.com found 10 or more documents.
The query string sent was +Peale +family +links

Displaying first 10 documents.

   1.
      FAMSF-de Young-Exhibitions-The Peale Family-Online Tour

      Rembrandt Peale, Rubens Peale with a Geranium, 1801. Oil on canvas,
28-1/4 x 24 inches. National Gallery of Art,
      Patrons' Permanent Fund. THE PEALE FAMILY PORTRAYED The
Enlightenment
concept of the family as the basis
      of a healthy society and civic
      http://www.famsf.org/

   2.
      Collected Papers of Charles Willson Peale and His Family

      Collected Papers of Charles Willson Peale and His Family Publisher:
Norman Ross Publishing, Inc. (449 fiche); KTO
      Microform; Price: $1,796 Content: Correspondence, sketches,
business
and legal writings, journals, and lectures of the
      Peale family..
      http://sun3.lib.uci.edu/

   3.
      FAMSF-de Young-Exhibitions-The Peale Family-Online Tour

      Rembrandt Peale, Rubens Peale with a Geranium, 1801. Oil on canvas,
28-1/4 x 24 inches. National Gallery of Art,
      Patrons' Permanent Fund. THE PEALE FAMILY PORTRAYED The
Enlightenment
concept of the family as the basis
      of a healthy society and civic
      http://rodin.famsf.org/

   4.
      Treasures of the Academy, Peale

      Treasures of the Academy Titian Ramsay Peale and His Butterfly
Boxes
Titian Ramsay Peale was a well-known 19th
      century naturalist who invented a special way of preserving insects
for
study. The boxes he created have housed his
      butterfly and moth..
      http://www.acnatsci.org/

   5.
      James Peale

      Interesting site with museum quality pictures in Washington, D.C
      http://www.pensler.com/

   7.
      Barnum, David 1770-1844 Connecticut>Baltimore, MD

      Query Central allows users to post questions regarding their family
history research
      http://www.genealogy.tbox.com/
 

  10.
      Lowe Art Museum

      South Florida1s premier collecting museum offering temporary world
class exhibitions
      http://www.lowemuseum.org/
==============
Collected Papers of Charles Willson Peale
                                              and His Family
 
 

Publisher:
       Norman Ross Publishing, Inc. (449 fiche);
       KTO Microform;

Price:
       $1,796

Content:
Correspondence, sketches, business and legal writings, journals, and
lectures
of the Peale family covering 1735-1885 and issued in series:
       Series I: Papers of Charles Peale, 1709-1750;
       Series II: Papers of Charles Willson Peale, 1741-1827;
       Series III: Papers of James Peale and His Family;
       Series IV: Papers of St. George Peale, 1745-1788 and Margaret Jane
Peale;
       M'Mordie Ramsay, 1743-1788; Charles Peale Polk, 1767-1822; and
Elizabeth Polk
       Claypoole Bend, 1770-1831;
       Series V: Papers of Raphaelle Peale, 1774-1825;
       Series VI: Papers of Rembrandt Peale, 1778-1860;
       Series VII: Papers of Rubens Peale, 1784-1865;
       Series VIII: Papers of Titian Ramsay Peale II, 1799-1885;
       Series IX: Papers of Benjamin Franklin Peale, 1795-1870;
       Series X: Papers of Angelica Kauffman Peale Robinson, 1775-1853,
and
Sybilla
       Miriam Peale Summers, 1797-1856; Papers of Titian Ramsay Peale I,
1780-1798;
       Papers of Sophonisba Peale Sellers, 1786-1859; Papers of Charles
Linnaeus Peale,
       1794-1832;
       Series XI: Documents Relating to the Peale Museum;
       Series XII: Records of the United Bowmen, 1830-1888; Miscellaneous
Tax
Records,
       1785-1818.
OCLC: 7182380

Index/Bibliography:

       Miller, Lillian B. Collected Papers of Charles Willson Peale and
His
Family:
       A Guide and Index to the Microfiche Edition.

Reviewed in:
       Microform Review 10 (Summer 1981): 185-189.

Location/Holdings:

       OCLC
                                                        Location
 

Webpac Sites:

       OCLC
                                                        Location
        CUS
        CUT
        CRL
                     CA: University of California Libraries, San Diego
(ROGER)
                     CA: University of California Libraries, Santa
Barbara
(PEGASUS)
                     IL: Center for Research Libraries

================
Family Group Record
 

FamilySearch® Ancestral File™ v4.19
 

Husband's Name

   Charles PEALE (AFN:WW9S-HL)
 
 
 

   Born:
           22 Dec 1709

                         Place:
                               , , , Eng.

   Died:
             Nov 1750

                         Place:
                               Chestertown, , , MD.

   Buried:
                 1750

                         Place:

   Married:
            2 Nov 1740

                         Place:
                               St.Margaret's Ch, , Westminster, MD.
 
 

   Father:
           Charles PEALE (AFN:WW9S-F8)

   Mother:
           Elizabeth CAMPARL (AFN:WW9S-GF)
 

Wife's Name

   Margaret (Widow) TRIGGS (AFN:WW9S-77)
 
 
 

   Born:
                1709

                        Place:
                              , , , MD.

   Died:
            May 1791

                        Place:
                              , , Phila., PA.

   Buried:
           4 May 1791

                        Place:
                              , , Phila., PA.

   Married:
           2 Nov 1740

                        Place:
                              St.Margaret's Ch, , Westminster, MD.
 
 

   Father:
   Mother:
 

Children
 

  1.
    Sex
        Name

      F
        Elizabeth Digby PEALE (AFN:BM42-9V)
 
 
 
 

         Born:
               20 Jan 1747

                             Place:
                                   <Charlestown, , , MD.>
 

  2.
    Sex
        Name

     M
        Charles Willson PEALE (AFN:WW9T-66)
 
 
 
 

         Born:
                 15 Apr 1741

                               Place:
                                     Chestertown, , Queen Ann, MD.

         Died:
                 20 Feb 1827

                               Place:
                                     Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA

         Buried:
                 22 Feb 1827

                               Place:
                                     St.Peters P-E Ch, , Phila., PA.
 

  3.
    Sex
        Name

      F
        Margaret Jane PEALE (AFN:WW9S-9K)
 
 
 
 

         Born:
               1743

                       Place:
                              Charlestown, , , MD.

         Died:
               1788

                       Place:
 

  4.
    Sex
        Name

     M
        St.George PEALE (AFN:WW9S-BQ)
 
 
 
 

         Born:
               23 Apr 1745

                             Place:
                                   Charlestown, , , MD.

         Died:
                3 Jul 1778

                             Place:
 

  5.
    Sex
        Name

     M
        James PEALE (AFN:WW9S-D3)
 
 
 
 

         Born:
                      1749

                               Place:
                                     Annapolis, , , MD.

         Died:
                 24 May 1831

                               Place:
                                     Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

         Buried:
                   May 1831

                               Place:
                                     Ronaldson, Cementry, Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania
========================
FamilySearch® International Genealogical Index™ v4.01

           North America
                                          IGI Record
 
 

Margaret Matthews TRIGGS

    Sex:
           F
 

Event(s):

   Misc:
         ABT 1721
         Of Chesterton, Queen Anne Co, Maryland
 

Marriage(s):

   Spouse:
            Charles PEALE
 

Source Information:
 
 
 

   Batch number:
                   F610873
   Sheet:
                   70
   Source:
======================
FamilySearch® International Genealogical Index™ v4.01

           North America
                                          IGI Record
 
 

Margaret TRIGGS

    Sex:
          F
 

Event(s):

   Born:
         ABT 1710
         Chestertown', 'Kentucky
 

Marriage(s):

   Spouse:
            Charles PEALE
 

Source Information:
 
 

 Film Number:
                       170675
 Page Number:
                       524
 Reference Number:
                       3626

=================
FamilySearch® International Genealogical Index™ v4.01

           North America
                                          IGI Record
 
 

John Thomas SULLIVAN

    Sex:
           M
 

Marriage(s):

   Spouse:
              Mary HAYES
   Marriage:
              ABT 1664
              Lynhaven Parish, Princess Anne, Virginia
 

Source Information:
 
 
 

   Batch number:
                   F511455
   Sheet:
                   48
   Source:

==================
Collected Papers of Charles Willson Peale
                                              and His Family
 
 

Publisher:
       Norman Ross Publishing, Inc. (449 fiche);
       KTO Microform;

Price:
       $1,796

Content:
Correspondence, sketches, business and legal writings, journals, and
lectures
of the Peale family covering 1735-1885 and issued in series:
       Series I: Papers of Charles Peale, 1709-1750;
       Series II: Papers of Charles Willson Peale, 1741-1827;
       Series III: Papers of James Peale and His Family;
       Series IV: Papers of St. George Peale, 1745-1788 and Margaret Jane
Peale;
       M'Mordie Ramsay, 1743-1788; Charles Peale Polk, 1767-1822; and
Elizabeth Polk
       Claypoole Bend, 1770-1831;
       Series V: Papers of Raphaelle Peale, 1774-1825;
       Series VI: Papers of Rembrandt Peale, 1778-1860;
       Series VII: Papers of Rubens Peale, 1784-1865;
       Series VIII: Papers of Titian Ramsay Peale II, 1799-1885;
       Series IX: Papers of Benjamin Franklin Peale, 1795-1870;
       Series X: Papers of Angelica Kauffman Peale Robinson, 1775-1853,
and
Sybilla
       Miriam Peale Summers, 1797-1856; Papers of Titian Ramsay Peale I,
1780-1798;
       Papers of Sophonisba Peale Sellers, 1786-1859; Papers of Charles
Linnaeus Peale,
       1794-1832;
       Series XI: Documents Relating to the Peale Museum;
       Series XII: Records of the United Bowmen, 1830-1888; Miscellaneous
Tax
Records,
       1785-1818.
OCLC: 7182380

Index/Bibliography:

       Miller, Lillian B. Collected Papers of Charles Willson Peale and
His
Family:
       A Guide and Index to the Microfiche Edition.

Reviewed in:
       Microform Review 10 (Summer 1981): 185-189.

Location/Holdings:

       OCLC
                                                        Location
 

Webpac Sites:

       OCLC
                                                        Location
        CUS
        CUT
        CRL
                     CA: University of California Libraries, San Diego
(ROGER)
                     CA: University of California Libraries, Santa
Barbara
(PEGASUS)
                     IL: Center for Research Libraries

=================
Historical Society of Pennsylvania
                                                           Resources for
                                                   Peale Family Research

                      The Historical Society of Pennsylvania's
documentary
collections offer
                      researchers a variety of ways to learn about the
Peale
family and the world in
                      which they lived. This multigenerational
Philadelphia
family of artists, museum
                      entrepreneurs, art educators, and naturalists
included
Charles Willson Peale and
                      his brother James as well as Charles' sons
Raphaelle,
Rembrandt, Rubens, and
                      Titian Ramsay. Individually and as a group their
wide-ranging interests and
                      talents helped to shape and define the new nation's
sense of identity and to
                      establish the role of intellectual and artistic
pursuits.

                      The Historical Society's collections are strongest
in
documentation related to
                      Charles Willson and Rembrandt Peale.

                      The Peale Family Papers, about 250 items, span the
years from 1794 to 1854
                      and mainly relate to Peale's Museum, also known as
the
Philadelphia Museum,
                      which Charles Willson Peale established in 1784.
Items
in the collection include
                      "A Walk through the Philadelphia Museum"; records
of
subscriptions for
                      tickets, 1794-1833; the accession books and
memoranda
of the Philadelphia
                      Museum, 1803-37; minutes of the Philadelphia
Museum,
1841-45; and extracts
                      of letters from Charles Willson Peale, 1821-23.

                      Additional documentation about the museum can be
found
in Frederick Dreer's
                      cashbook (1835-38) because as proprietor of the
Philadelphia Museum, he kept
                      a record of receipts and expenses for exhibitions.
Another useful source is the
                      auction catalogue, Peale's Museum Gallery of Oil
Paintings. Catalogue of the
                      National Portraits and Historical Gallery to Be
Sold
6th October, 1854,
                      annotated by Rembrandt Peale and published in 1854
by
M. Thomas and Sons,
                      Auctioneers; copy one is in the Peale papers and
copy
two is in the Frank M.
                      Etting Collection. Also of interest in the Etting
Collection is the Descriptive
                      Catalogue of Pictures published in 1784 by Robert
Edge
Pine, which
                      documents an early Philadelphia collection that
inspired the young Rembrandt
                      Peale early in his career.

                      Rembrandt Peale was a prolific writer about the
arts,
and much of this work is
                      in the Society's collections. As a writer Peale is
most
remembered for his
                      efforts to democratize art by popularizing drawing,
aesthetics, and the
                      mechanics of art. The Society owns his 1835
Graphics, a
Manual of Drawing
                      and Writing, for Use of Schools and Families, and
the
revised 1842 version
                      titled Introduction to Graphics, a Popular System
of
Drawing and Writing for
                      the Use of Schools and Families. This innovative
work
united the fine and
                      useful arts and showed how anyone could learn to
draw.
Between 1834 and
                      1866, it went through four editions and 19
printings.
In 1841 Peale accepted the
                      position of professor of drawing at Central High
School
in Philadelphia and
                      used Graphics as his text. Among the students who
would
be influenced by his
                      methods was the Philadelphia artist Thomas Eakins.

                      Rembrandt Peale's most ambitious piece of writing,
"Notes on the Painting
                      Room, the Experience of More than Half a Century,"
was
designed to assist the
                      young professional artist; it remained unpublished.
There are two manuscript
                      versions of this work one at the Historical Society
of
Pennsylvania and the other
                      at the National Academy of Design. The Society's
version is part of the Emily
                      and Harriet Sartain collection. The Society also
has
two of the three original
                      copies of Peale's "Introduction to Notes on the
Painting Room," also in the
                      Sartain Collection.

                      Art historians will find the "Notes on the Painting
Room" especially valuable.
                      Throughout his career Rembrandt Peale collected
this
encyclopedia of
                      information about the techniques and materials used
by
19th century painters,
                      but he did not systematize it until after he
retired
from his post at Central High
                      School in the mid-1840s. There are long sections on
equipment, materials and
                      pigments, essays on lighting and how to stroke to
achieve effect. One section
                      deals with troubleshooting, such as what to do if
the
paint cracks or the canvas
                      curls.

                      Papers associated with other family members exist
in
the Society's collections,
                      but they are not nearly as extensive as those for
Charles and Rembrandt. For
                      example, the Peale Family Papers contain the
correspondence of Titian Ramsay
                      Peale with the naturalist George Ord, 1827-54, and
Titian Ramsay's
                      ornithological journal from his 1843 expedition to
Spanish Florida, where he
                      spent several months collecting plants and animals.
 

                      About Peale's museum

                      Charles Willson Peale's museum originated in the
studio
of his home at Third
                      and Lombard Streets during the 1770s. Initially it
attracted many visitors who
                      wanted to see his collection of portraits of
American
heroes. Later, in 1784,
                      Peale added to the display Dr. John Morgan's
collection
of mastodon bones, of
                      which he made drawings. At this point the size of
the
collection and the number
                      of visitors had grown to the point that larger
quarters
were required. In 1794
                      Peale moved his museum to the newly opened
Philosophical Hall in the State
                      House Yard. In 1802 he was granted use of the upper
floors of the State House
                      (Independence Hall) for his museum which combined
art,
history, and natural
                      history in its displays. In 1827 the museum moved
to
the Arcade Building,
                      located at Nineth and George Streets between Walnut
and
Chestnut, a
                      commercial site. The museum was an attraction in
Philadelphia for residents
                      and visitors, but its financial underpinning
remained
tenuous. After several
                      difficult decades the museum closed in 1854; the
271
paintings brought less than
                      $12,000 in receipts. The City of Philadelphia
purchased
the majority of the
                      paintings, by Charles Willson Peale and others,
with
$6,000 it had raised for
                      the auction bidding for Independence Hall.
 

                      Suggested readings:

                            William T. Alderson, Mermaids, Mummies, and
Mastodons: The
                            Emergence of the American Museum (Washington,
D.C., 1992).
                            David R. Brigham, Public Culture in the Early
Republic, Peale's
                            Museum and Its Audience (Washington, DC,
1955).
                            Carol Eaton Hevner, Rembrandt Peale,
1778-1860: A
Life in the Arts
                            (Philadelphia, 1985).*
                            Carol Eaton Hevner et al., "Rembrandt Peale:
A
Life in the Arts,"
                            Pennsylvania Magazine of History and
Biography
(January 1986).*
                            Lillian B. Miller, ed., Selected Papers of
Charles Willson Peale and His
                            Family (Yale, 1983).
                            Lillian B. Miller and Carol Eaton Hevner, In
Pursuit of Fame:
                            Rembrandt Peale, 1778-1860 (Seattle, 1992).
                            Lillian B. Miller and David C. Ward, eds.,
New
Perspectives on
                            Charles Willson Peale ( Pittsburgh,1991).
                            Charles Coleman Sellers, Charles Willson
Peale
(New York, 1969).
                            Charles Coleman Sellers, Mr. Peale's Museum,
Charles Willson Peale
                            and the First Popular Museum of Natural
Science
and Art (New York,
                            1980).
                            Charles Coleman Sellers, "Rembrandt Peale,
'Instigator.' "
                            Pennsylvania Magazine of History and
Biography
(July 1955).

                      * Available for sale at the Historical Society of
Pennsylvania.
 
 

                                Go to Top of Page || HSP Home Page ||
Guides
to Research
                                           (This page last modified
Tuesday,
4-November-97)

===============
    By the way, be sure to spell it Charles Willson, otherwise you might
be
led astray.  Now, from my geneology:
1.William Peale, d 1682
2.Thomas Peale, b 1659, m Jane Wilson 1686, d 1717
3. Charles Peale, b 1688, m Elizabeth Camparl 1708, d 1734
4. Charles Peale, b 1709, m Margaret Triggs 1740, d 1750
5. Charles Willson Peale, b 1741, m Rachel Brewer 1762, m Elizabeth
DePeyster
                                                    1791, m Hannah Moore
1805, d 1827
    His siblings were Margaret Jane, St George, Elizabeth Digby, and
James
His children:
Margaret Jane
James Willson
Eleanor
Margaret Van Bordley
------the above all died in infancy-----
Raphaelle
Angelica Kauffman
Rembrandt
Titian Ramsay
Rubens
Sophonisba Angusciola
Rosalba Carriera
Vandyke
Charles Linnaeus
Franklin
Sybilla Miriam
Titian Ramsay
Elizabeth dePeyster

--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Do you need more dates and things about the various siblings and
children?  Only Sophonisba is of real interest to the Sellers family, as
I
said before.  I did send you her information, didn't I?
    Let me know if this is what you were looking for.
    Tess



Subject:
        Charles Wilson Peale poisoning
   Date:
        Fri, 21 Jul 2000 11:17:05 EDT
   From:
        VicMacd@aol.com
     To:
        undisclosed-recipients:;
 
 
 

PEALE.TTUTexas Tech University
3-Aug-99
 

Arsenic and Old Paint
Library: LIF-ART
Keywords: CHARLES WILSON PEALE, ARSENIC, MERCURY, ART, RAPHAELLE, LLOYD,
JEALOUSY, 18TH CENTURY PAINTER
Description: Are jealousy and greed enough to cause a father to allow his
son
to
die? That is the question regarding Charles Wilson Peale posed by a Texas
Tech
Univeristy art historian. The mystery contains controversy & intrique.
 
 

"Father of American Painting" Accused of Murder
Contact: Michael Sommermeyer, xmich@ttu.edu, (806) 742-2339

LUBBOCK -- Jealousy and greed, two common motives for murder. But are they
enough to cause a father to allow his son to die? Whether through
negligence
or
malice, the man popularly known as the 'Father of American Painting' may
have
done just that. This incredible claim comes from a Texas Tech University
art
historian who has uncovered a surprising family secret connected to the
beginnings of American art and the science of taxidermy.

Charles Wilson Peale, and his sons, are considered among the greatest
painters
of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. They specialized in painting
portraits of famous people of the time, notably George Washington. Peale
also
invented a new taxidermy process. Texas Tech University art Professor
Phoebe
Lloyd, Ph.D., based on a review of actual documents in the Peale archive,
believes Peale may have known -- and kept the knowledge secret -- that this
taxidermy process would eventually kill his oldest son Raphaelle. The
motive?
A
combination of family rivalry, jealousy and a father's wish to promote the
talent of another son, Rembrandt.

The taxidermy process developed by Peale involved the use of arsenic and
mercury
to preserve specimens and keep them intact. The combination of the heavy
metals
slowly robbed Raphaelle of his health, social skills and ability to paint.
Lloyd
says Raphaelle later turned to alcohol to numb the pain and isolation
caused
by
the effects of the poisons. He also gave up painting portraits, because the
heavy metal poisoning destroyed his ability to communicate, and turned to
painting still lifes to find solace and comfort in his childhood memories.

Lloyd alleges the older Peale knew the poisons would kill anyone who worked
with
them for an extended period of time and even had found an antidote for the
poisons. And while he took the antidote himself, incredibly, Peale never
revealed the antidote to his son. This knowledge, combined with jealousy,
Lloyd
contends, led Peale to sacrifice Raphaelle.

"I think the root of the problem is that Raphaelle was his mother's
favorite
son," said Lloyd. "And I think his father was jealous of him."

So why would he allow his son to die? Lloyd speculates Charles Peale
dwelled
on
his jealousy and did everything he could to prevent Raphaelle from
succeeding.
Lloyd says he may have gone on to slowly poison his son, to further the
career
of Rembrandt and to collect money from the highly lucrative taxidermy
business.

The story is not without controversy. The editor of the Peale Papers, the
late
Lillian Miller, objected to the theory. But the mysterious lack of family
records and an obscure set of family papers led Lloyd to conclude that
Peale
had
indeed been at the very least guilty of negligence or manslaughter.

Lloyd's examination of this mystery will be the topic of a forthcoming
book.
A
series of papers about the theory already have been published in numerous
art
journals.

Finally, while Charles Peale may have been at the very least guilty of
murder,
Lloyd speculates Raphaelle may have understood his father's motivations and
understood he had a role as the family's sacrificial lamb.

-30-

Contact: Phoebe Alice Lloyd, Ph.D., art professor, Texas Tech University,
(806)
742-3825.
 
 
 

SciNews-MedNews Menu | LifeNews Menu | BizNews Menu
Search Any Library | Newswise Home
Use your browser's "Back" button to return to the article list.


   From:
        VicMacd@aol.com
     To:
        mari@netins.net, Tess1929@aol.com
 
 
 

Marie, and Tess,
    Thought you would enjoy this contact! Vickie
 

      Subject:
             Sellers Family
        Date:
             Fri, 21 Jul 2000 12:08:16 +0200
       From:
             Désirée Mahieux <desiree.mahieux@transfert-international.fr>
 Organization:
             Transfert International
         To:
             <VicMacd@aol.com>
 
 

Vickie,

I have just discovered your web page regarding Thomas Sellers.  Very interesting!

This is my connection:

Coleman Sellers - Sophonasiba Peale
Coleman Sellers - Cornelia Wells
Jessie Sellers - Charles Woolworth Colton
Dr. Harold Colton - Mary Russell Ferrell Colton

If you wish to have any information on my line, please don't hesitate to ask.

Sincerely,

Désirée Mahieux


Subject:
        Fwd: THE COVER.(Still Life--Strawberries, Nuts, & c. by Raphaelle Peale)
   Date:
        Sat, 29 Jul 2000 22:24:12 EDT
   From:
        VicMacd@aol.com
     To:
        undisclosed-recipients:;
 
 
 
 
 
 

 Subject:
        THE COVER.(Still Life--Strawberries, Nuts, & c. by Raphaelle Peale)
   Date:
        29-JUL-2000 16:41:31
   From:
        Mailer-Daemon@email-delivery.infotrac-custom.com
     To:
        VicMacD@aol.com
 
 

InfoTrac Web: Gen'l Reference Ctr (Magazine Index).
 

   Source:  JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association, Oct 27,
            1999 v282 i16 p1502.

    Title:  THE COVER.(Still Life--Strawberries, Nuts, & c. by Raphaelle
            Peale)
   Author:  M. Therese Southgate

   People:  Peale, Raphaelle - Works

  Magazine Collection:  100G3453
Electronic Collection:  A57160770
                   RN:  A57160770
 

Full Text COPYRIGHT 1999 American Medical Association

HE WAS REMBRANDT'S ELDEST BROTHER. ALSO TITIAN'S. And Rubens'. Angelica
Kauffman was his sister, as were Rosalba Carriera and Sophonisba
Angusciola.
Another brother was Charles Linnaeus, another Benjamin Franklin. He was
himself Raphaelle, the eldest surviving son of Charles Willson Peale, a
prominent Philadelphia citizen and something of an eccentric. A painter and
naturalist, a friend of Benjamin Rush, and an ardent advocate of temperance
and diet ("water and simple foods," including soups, boiled fish and meat,
fruit, vegetables), Charles Willson Peale named each of his children for a
scientist or painter (except the youngest, who was named for her mother,
Peale's second wife) and then expected them to emulate, if not, indeed,
surpass their namesakes. Raphaelle was the greatest of them all but was in
his
father's eyes a miserable failure, personally and professionally.

Raphaelle Peale (1774-1825) was a painter of still lifes, the first
professional still-life painter in the fledgling country and still one of
its
finest. All told, he left some 70 works, many painted under extreme
conditions
of recurrent acute and chronic illness. Charles Peale, on the other hand,
regarded still-life painting as little more than a mechanical skill; he
constantly urged his son to abandon it in favor of portrait painting, which
was not only a higher calling but more lucrative. In an irrefutable example
of
parental logic, he reasoned that if Raphaelle spent less time on each
individual still life, he could either produce them in greater quantity or
produce the same quantity but have time remaining for portraits. Either
way,
his son's income would be increased. Raphaelle stayed with still lifes.

An especially fine example of Raphaelle's work is Still Life--Strawberries,
Nuts, & c. (cover) painted in 1822, three years before his death. It is
flawless in composition, meticulous in execution, a gem of porcelain,
glass,
filberts, almonds, raisins, strawberries, and a single orange. Although he
sometimes painted the more mundane foods such as herring, root vegetables,
cheese, and meat, Peale preferred the dessert pictures, elegant little
compositions of sweets, cakes, jellies, fruit, nuts, and, often, a glass of
wine. He was a master of wit. A partially peeled orange was a pun on the
family name (JAMA cover, February 5, 1997). A white linen napkin became a
painting of another artist's nude (this page and JAMA cover, August 23/30,
1995). He could also be sober. Strawberries, Nuts, & c. presents an enigma,
this time one of science. As suggested by art historian Annie V. F. Storr
(Raphaelle Peale's Strawberries, Nuts, & c.: a riddle of enlightened
science.
The Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies. 1995;21:24-35), the painting
is
no casual arrangement of fruit gathered from the market but is in fact a
horticultural painting. To a 20th-century viewer, this would not perhaps be
obvious, but to an early 19th-century Philadelphian, the inclusion of
spring
and autumn and out-of-locale fruits meant that this work was a marvel of
science as well as of art. The fruit is not wild. It is the result of one
of
Charles Willson Peale's scientific endeavors and has been cultivated as
carefully as he tilled the soil of his children's lives.

Raphaelle died at the age of 51 on March 4, 1825. The official, listed
cause
of death was "consumption." The cause commonly accepted for many years,
based
on his father's letters to Raphaelle, was alcoholism. It was an easy enough
inference: the letters were filled with continual remonstrances and
recriminations, urging temperance and blaming his son's gout on
self-indulgence. More recently, evidence has surfaced to suggest that
Raphaelle died of heavy-metal poisoning, specifically arsenic and mercury
poisoning. It was incurred, presumably, over the many years he worked in
his
father's taxidermy business. (Lloyd P, Bendersky G. Arsenic, an old case:
the
chronic heavy metal poisoning of Raphaelle Peale (1774-1825). Perspect Biol
Med. 1993;36:4.)

                                -- End --



From:
        "John Polk of Havre de Grace" <jfpolk@earthlink.com>
     To:
        mari@netins.net
 
 
 

=====================================================================
A result of your requested PML search.  To refine or cancel this
search, please visit http://pml.rootsweb.com/
=====================================================================
Source:   LOWER-DELMARVA-ROOTS-L@rootsweb.com
Subject:  Re: [LDR] searching Margaret Triggs Mathews Peale
 

Tess -

I believe there is an account of the brief courtship between Margaret
Triggs
and Charles Peale and their quick departure for Queen Anne's County, where
Peale took up as a schoolmaster, in Charles Coleman Sellers biography of
Charles Willson Peale. I don't have my own copy and can't recall how much
of
Trigg's family is recounted. I might also be mixing this up with what's in
"The Selected Papers of Charles Willson Peale and his Family", the classic
work by Lillian B. Miller, which I am sure you have seen.  There is no
further information on Trigg's family given in the "Peale Family Genealogy"
section in the Introduction of that work, and considering the acknowledged
level of Miller's scholarship would tend to indicate it can't be found.

I have been looking for a record of the marriage between Margaret's
daughter
Elizabeth Digby Peale and Robert Polk (in 1765 according to Miller) and can
find none. Would have expected it to be in Annapolis Church records, but
have searched to no avail. If you know of such please let me know.

John Polk
Havre de Grace

----- Original Message -----
From: <Tess1929@aol.com>
To: <LOWER-DELMARVA-ROOTS-L@rootsweb.com>
Sent: Tuesday, January 09, 2001 12:58 PM
Subject: [LDR] searching Margaret Triggs Mathews Peale
 

>     I am trying to find out more about Margaret nee Triggs also Mathews
> married Peale.  She was born in 1710, married Charles Peale in 1740 in
> Annapolis, and died in Philadelphia in 1791.  Her mother was a Sullivane,
but
> I don't know whether that was her married name or maiden name.
>     There is another Margaret Triggs, wife of Richard Triggs, but she
died
in
> 1709, a year before my Margaret was born.  In her will she mentions a
> daughter, Ann Dwyer.
>     My Margaret Triggs had a niece who lived with her all her life,
called
> Peggy Durgan.
>     There were Sullivanes in lower Delmarva at that time, so there seems
to
> be a connection of some sort, and since they all had these Irish names it
> might be worth looking into that community.
>     We have searched the Hall of Records and I have put out requests on
the
> web with no luck so far.  Can anyone give me a lead to pursue?
>     Thanks, Tess Parrish
>