Ponce de Leon, the Spanish explorer, reached
the Florida coast as
early as 1513.
He landed there on Easter Sunday and called the new land "Florida",
name for Easter.
Efforts by the French Huguenots to establish
colonies on the south
bank of the St.
John's River in 1564 had an encouraging beginning but ended in disaster
a few years.
In the 1763 peace treaty of Paris, which ended
the Seven Years' War,
in which the
British and the Prussians fought France, Spain and Austria, all of her
possessions east of the Mississippi were ceded by France to Britain.
Spain traded Florida to Britain for Havana.
That same year a proclamation by the King of
England established among
American provinces, East and West Florida. The two sections were
Chattahoochee and the Apalachicola Rivers.
Twenty years later, the Florida sections were
returned to Spain in the
ending the Revolutionary War in 1783.
West Florida was taken by the United States
in 1810 and 1812, and,
efforts finally succeeded in 1819 in getting Florida by promising to
her citizens who had been damaged by Spain. The section embracing
added to Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama.
In 1821 about eight thousand whites lived in
Florida, most of them
although there was a solid number of Anglo-Saxons. As early as
Scottish and Irish populated the Cumberland and the Shenandoah valleys
through every southern state east of the Mississippi River. The
the deep south was predominantly of Irish ancestry. They built
Jacksonville in 1822,
Quincy in 1825, Monticello in 1828, Marianna and Apalachicola in 1829
St. Joseph in
1836. Many wealthy people established their homes in Florida,
of the Indians caused the Seminole wars during 1835-42.
A considerable number of Greeks from southern
Greece and the
moved into Florida as early as 1820. As expert sponge divers,
themselves as energetic and successful citizens. Religiously they
the Orthodox Greek Catholic Church.
The first railroad in the state was built in
1831 and extended from
St. Marks. The middle section of Florida was settled about
1820 by former
from Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina. Most of the
came to East
Florida from 1845 to 1860 had lived in Georegia, Alabama and North and
Florida became a territory of the United States
in 1822 and became the
1830 FLORIDA CENSUS
1830 Leon County, FL - created 1824 out of Gadsden County.
p. 133 William Sellers
1830 Monroe County, FL - created 1823 out of St. Johns County.
p. 107 Jane Seldon
1840 FLORIDA CENSUS
1840 Leon County, FL - created 1824 out of Gadsden County.
p. 079 Johnathan Cellor
1850 FLORIDA CENSUS
1850 Escambia County, FL - created 1822; one of two original counties.
p. 141 Sarah Zelars